Evolution of Heroin Addiction

Evolution of Heroin Addiction

Science and Addiction

Scientists began studying addictive behaviors in people in the 1930s. That was when people with addiction were either labeled as immoral or known to have weaker willpower. But as the world progressed, and more scientific studies were conducted, it was understood that drug addiction is anything but representative of an immoral character, rather it was proved that addiction is a disease of the brain and the patient should be taken to a drug addiction rehab at the earliest. Had it not been for scientific study, it would still be regarded as a punishable act rather than a health problem.

What Is Drug Addiction?

A drug creates an adrenaline rush in the brain which makes an individual happy but that feeling is short lived. However, the rush which it creates initially is the major contributing factor to addiction, later turning it into depression. An addict continues to take the drug for temporary relief, getting trapped in a vicious cycle. A drug such as nicotine, alcohol, cocaine and prescription drugs (PO) create the same effect of pleasure that you experience when you eat, fall in love or indulge in an activity that is pleasurable. It is a chronic disease of the brain which changes brain functionality, structure and adversely affects the productivity of an individual. It is an irresistible impulse which takes a lot more to quit than just strong willpower despite harmful consequences.

A review on the scientific evidence of drug addiction has proven that people who have had failing relationship at an early age and psychological/familial problems are more likely to develop an addictive behavior than the ones who haven’t faced these issues. Although, social behavior has also been characterized as a contributing factor but it is not fitting in most cases. Abuse and childhood trauma have also been listed down as key factors for developing drug addiction.

It has been further stated that just like obesity can cause cholesterol and heart diseases, trauma can significantly contribute to drug addiction. But as research has progressed, drug addiction rehab options have increased significantly, too.

Recent Scientific Studies About Drug Addiction

Drug addiction rehab centers have been better able to help patients by means of thorough research conducted on the disease, some of which are as follows:

  • Genes and its effects on addiction

A study indicates that just like many other diseases, addictive behavior tendencies can be ruled out in individuals by testing their genes. Researchers came across genes that can contribute in the development of addictive behavior. Although, it goes on to mention that genes cannot always be the determining factor, they can help in early detection.

  • Stress hormones and its positive effects on drug addiction

Research conducted in 2015 proved that stress hormones can significantly reduce heroin craving in low-dose addicts. An experiment conducted by the University of Basel, Switzerland showed that 29 addicts were given cortisol (the stress hormone) before they were given heroine and the results showed 25 percent decrease of interest in heroine consumption.

Drug addiction has been thoroughly researched and various drug addiction rehab faculties are available worldwide. Although, chances of relapse are always looming, but seeking help can have significant positive results.

 

Comments are closed.