Category: Drug Addiction

Benzodiazepines: What You Should Know Before You Fill Your Prescription

Benzodiazepines: What You Should Know Before You Fill Your Prescription

Benzodiazepines: What You Should Know Before You Fill Your Prescription

The crisis surrounding opioid remains in full swing, but that’s not to say opioids are the only class of drugs that hurt people. Benzodiazepines, such as Xanax, Ativan, Valium, or Versed, are a group of drugs that are recommended for people who fight anxiety and panic disorder. Prescriptions for and overdoses that are caused by benzodiazepines, which depress the nervous system, have increased a lot over the last two decades.

Here are the things you should note about benzodiazepines before filling your prescription.

Like every prescription drugs, some people in certain circumstances can benefit from well-used prescription benzodiazepines. People who suffer from chronic anxiety and panic attacks can get relieved temporarily from their conditions in the short-term use of this drug. Benzodiazepines are not innately wrong, but they often pose a possibility for abuse that physicians should think about before writing a prescription.

Becoming dependent on benzodiazepines is easy. Depending on benzodiazepines can occur when the prescription is used at higher doses than what is recommended, creating cravings in between treatments and creating withdrawal symptoms if you try to withdraw. Despite getting them from a doctor, benzodiazepines prescriptions that are misused can be as deadly as heroin.

As you try quitting benzodiazepines, you’re in for a rude surprise. The same symptoms your prescription was expected to treat, i.e., anxiety and panic attacks will return in a more significant form as your body begins to react to the drug’s absence. Symptoms of withdrawal usually occur three or four days after your previous dose and can last for many days. The only safe way to detox from benzodiazepines is under the watch of a physician.

Benzodiazepines addiction medications can be avoided with the perfect precautions. You should always take all medication you are prescribed based on your doctor’s orders and the guides on the bottle. Never make away with any leftover pills. Talk to your doctor regularly before you change the way you take your medication. Pay attention to potential interactions, especially with alcohol, to avoid fatal injury or an accidental overdose.

Always feel free to ask your doctor about this class of drugs and possible treatment options before he/she writes you a prescription. You deserve the best, most effective treatment for any debilitating mental or physical condition you’re battling. Also, make sure you cautiously weigh the likely benefits of any prescription medication with the possibility of addiction and abuse before agreeing to a treatment plan with your physician.

If you’re considering taking a prescribed benzodiazepine to help in controlling your anxiety, try other tools or skills you could develop that can help alleviate your suffering. Locate a psychotherapist that can be trusted and create robust portfolios of favorite pastimes that help you relax better, confident, and at ease. Reach out to loved ones even when you’d rather not. With additional social connections, assistance, and healthy ways to fight anxiety when it surfaces, that prescription might not be necessary after all.

Anxiety Medications And The Human Brain

Anxiety Medications And The Human Brain

Anxiety Medications And The Human Brain

We all get normal bouts of anxiety from time to time, which often come in the form of fear, panic attacks, phobia, or social anxiety when we are going through a stressful situation. While there is the difference between anxiety disorders and normal anxiety isn’t always clear, you will know that your everyday anxiety has crossed the line into a disorder that has taken over your life when you experience the following symptoms on a regular basis, and you may need to seek immediate medical advice;

  • Having persistent anxious thoughts that last more than 6 months
  • Being incredibly restless and irritable
  • Finding yourself lying awake, worried or agitated about specific problems
  • Having an irrational, overwhelming, or disruptive fear attached to a specific situation or thing such as crowds, flying, or animals
  • Near-constant muscle tension
  • Chronic digestive problems such as Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
  • Experiencing a sudden, gripping feeling of fear and helplessness that can last for several minutes, accompanied by scary physical symptoms such as breathing problems, heart palpitations, sweating or flushing
  • Persistent self-doubt and second-guessing yourself and much more

We are all vulnerable to mild anxiety, which can be a tad disconcerting, but severe anxiety can be extremely debilitating. There is a range of coping mechanisms and approaches to alleviate this disorder. Aside from relaxation techniques, second-line treatment, anti-anxiety medications such as Xanax, Zoloft, or Valium are effective in relieving symptoms of anxiety, such as panic attacks, or extreme fear and worry.

However, it is not uncommon for people to build up a tolerance to Xanax if they are taken over a long period of time or even become dependent on them and when use is discontinued abruptly, people will show withdrawal symptoms, such as high blood pressure, shaking, intense anxiety, which in severe cases may lead to death.

This because while these medications are approved for the treatment of anxiety disorders, they fall into the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) category of medications known to increase serotonin in the brain and regulate mood, sleep, appetite, and digestion.

And while this is generally great for reducing symptoms associated with anxiety and depression, prolonged usage of antidepressants has been shown to result in changes in the structure of neurons and cause destructive outcomes such as a reduced blood clotting capacity, a worsening of anxiety symptoms, treatment-induced sexual dysfunction, drowsiness, insomnia, long-term weight gain, as well as increased suicidal behavior in both children and young adults.

Additionally, patients taking SSRIs have been shown to develop insomnia, joint and muscle pain, headaches, skin rashes, nausea, stomach upset, and diarrhea.

Prescription anti-anxiety medications may have a calming effect on individuals with anxiety and many people report feeling a great deal of improvement from them, but medications that are designed to have an impact on the neurotransmitter activity of the brain will often times lead to drug abuse or dependence. It is, therefore, important to discuss with your doctor about the potential problems and side effects of these drugs.

LINKAGE BETWEEN GENETICS AND ADDICTION

LINKAGE BETWEEN GENETICS AND ADDICTION

There is a convinced link between a person’s DNA segment and addiction they form. Sometimes it comes from your societal surrounding, peers, poor mental state or stress but that is not always the situation actually. One can be trapped simply in drug addiction of any kind due to its genetics which comes from family straight away. Everyone has certain probability to form an addiction, as the bodily mechanism of dependence occurs in your brain irrespective of liquor or drug exposure. When your mind practices something pleasing, it forms nerve pathways that crave the pleasurable substance repetitively. The illness of addiction forms when those nerve pathways become more continuing and swerve.

However, as exposed in a study directed by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, those with direct family who fight addiction have a 50 to 60 percent more possibilities of becoming an alcoholic or drug abuser at some point in their lifespan. This increases the question as to whether addiction is triggered by inheritances alone, or the atmosphere in which a child is raised up. Conferring to a study led by the Colorado Adoption Project, a genetic association does increase the probability of addiction, even when children are not raised in an atmosphere that encourages addiction. Their genetics play a vital factor in general hazard of addiction even when they are not frequently uncovered to drugs and alcohol. However, a parallel research displays that atmosphere plays an even greater part in addiction problems and stoppage.

At least semi of a person’s vulnerability to drug dependence can be associated to genetic aspects. Announcers at an April 8 congressional hearing sketched new investigation on the genetic origin for addiction and suggested ways to incorporate those findings into cure. The hearing was prearranged by APA’s Science Government Relations Office.

Investigators first need to handle and solve public misinterpretation and disbelief regarding genetic testing. That means doctors and the public need to better realize the connections between genetics and addiction, stated Alexandra Shields, director of the Harvard University/Massachusetts General Hospital Center on Genomics, Vulnerable Populations and Health Disparities. Based on a state survey, lone 5 percent of primary-care physicians sense self-assured in their capability to understand genetic tests, and only 4 percent would feel self-confident telling treatment grounded on genetics.

There are very respectable explanations for physicians to pay consideration to the impact advances in genetic testing are expected to have on their capability to handle patients, said Nora Volkow, director of the National Institute on Drug Exploitation. “Understanding the multifaceted connections between the factors involved in drug abuse and habit is dangerous to their effective stoppage and treatment,” she said. With new statistics quickly piling up, doctors might soon be able to incorporate genetic tests in their training, permitting them to well match exact treatments to individuals.

Married Couples Addicted To Heroin

Married Couples Addicted To Heroin

Treatment For Married Couples Addicted To Heroin

Heroin addiction can take a heavy toll on any relationship, but the effects can be even more damaging when both spouses share the addiction.

Studies show that marriages are 4 to 7 times more likely to end in divorce if one or both spouses has a substance abuse problem. For married couples addicted to heroin, getting help is crucial to a lasting relationship.

Addiction Can Spread

Much like a virus, addiction can spread“through friends, family, and even in a relationship. The people in our lives influence us in many ways, and too often substance abuse is no exception.

This also applies to relapsing. If one partner tries to get clean while the other is reluctant or ambivalent about quitting, then the partner who is still using is going to have an influence on the partner who is not. This may be through deliberate temptation or it may be a subconscious way of sabotaging the other person’s recovery.

How A Relationship Can Be Harmed For Married Couples Addicted To Heroin

Relationships in which both people abuse drugs are common. But a happy marriage is difficult enough to maintain, without adding in the additional stress of addiction. When your judgment is impaired by heroin, it becomes much harder not to say hurtful things, or do things you wouldn’t otherwise do.

Your marriage could be in trouble if using heroin is the only thing you enjoy doing together, or if you need it in order show each other affection or discuss your marriage. You may also be in trouble if using heroin leads to verbal or physical abuse by one or both of you, or if one or both of you neglect important responsibilities, like caring for the children or the house.

Seeking Treatment

It takes great courage to break the cycle and seek treatment. But no matter how difficult it may seem to get help, it’s essential if you want to prevent further destruction in your life. Continued drug use leads to relationship problems, the loss of family or friends, financial instability, and growing risk to your mental and physical health.

Seeking help alone is possible, but your chance at successful recovery is much higher if both spouses go into rehab at the same time. You’ll learn the tools to manage your own addiction, while also learning how to be supportive and communicate better, which will lead to a healthier marriage.

Treatment Options

There are a variety of options for receiving treatment, and it’s important to seek help from professionals and facilities who specialize in helping couples. You’ll need a plan that is tailored to each of you individually, as well as to both of you as a married couple. There are couples drug rehab facilities who will take and treat married couples.

If you have a strong relationship and are both equally committed to recovery, you could attend rehab together. You’ll reaffirm your commitment to your marriage and learn the tools and techniques to function better as a couple.

If your marriage has been badly damaged, or domestic violence or threats have occurred, or if one partner has more challenges to overcome, such as emotional or mental issues, then it may be better to work separately on your own recovery first, so that you can both stabilize and be healthier and stronger before you come back together and work on your marriage as a unit.

You could also participate in couples therapy. Studies have shown that couples therapy can provide many benefits and can reduce the risk of relapse.

The Future

After the completion of rehab, you and your spouse can continue with therapy together and offer each other support by helping each other avoid triggers, stay on track, and keep using the skills learned through rehab.

By taking the first step toward recovery, married couples addicted to heroine can break the chains of substance abuse and begin working toward a healthier, happier life.

Evolution of Heroin Addiction

Evolution of Heroin Addiction

Science and Addiction

Scientists began studying addictive behaviors in people in the 1930s. That was when people with addiction were either labeled as immoral or known to have weaker willpower. But as the world progressed, and more scientific studies were conducted, it was understood that drug addiction is anything but representative of an immoral character, rather it was proved that addiction is a disease of the brain and the patient should be taken to a drug addiction rehab at the earliest. Had it not been for scientific study, it would still be regarded as a punishable act rather than a health problem.

What Is Drug Addiction?

A drug creates an adrenaline rush in the brain which makes an individual happy but that feeling is short lived. However, the rush which it creates initially is the major contributing factor to addiction, later turning it into depression. An addict continues to take the drug for temporary relief, getting trapped in a vicious cycle. A drug such as nicotine, alcohol, cocaine and prescription drugs (PO) create the same effect of pleasure that you experience when you eat, fall in love or indulge in an activity that is pleasurable. It is a chronic disease of the brain which changes brain functionality, structure and adversely affects the productivity of an individual. It is an irresistible impulse which takes a lot more to quit than just strong willpower despite harmful consequences.

A review on the scientific evidence of drug addiction has proven that people who have had failing relationship at an early age and psychological/familial problems are more likely to develop an addictive behavior than the ones who haven’t faced these issues. Although, social behavior has also been characterized as a contributing factor but it is not fitting in most cases. Abuse and childhood trauma have also been listed down as key factors for developing drug addiction.

It has been further stated that just like obesity can cause cholesterol and heart diseases, trauma can significantly contribute to drug addiction. But as research has progressed, drug addiction rehab options have increased significantly, too.

Recent Scientific Studies About Drug Addiction

Drug addiction rehab centers have been better able to help patients by means of thorough research conducted on the disease, some of which are as follows:

  • Genes and its effects on addiction

A study indicates that just like many other diseases, addictive behavior tendencies can be ruled out in individuals by testing their genes. Researchers came across genes that can contribute in the development of addictive behavior. Although, it goes on to mention that genes cannot always be the determining factor, they can help in early detection.

  • Stress hormones and its positive effects on drug addiction

Research conducted in 2015 proved that stress hormones can significantly reduce heroin craving in low-dose addicts. An experiment conducted by the University of Basel, Switzerland showed that 29 addicts were given cortisol (the stress hormone) before they were given heroine and the results showed 25 percent decrease of interest in heroine consumption.

Drug addiction has been thoroughly researched and various drug addiction rehab faculties are available worldwide. Although, chances of relapse are always looming, but seeking help can have significant positive results.